Irrigation Agriculture Can Help India Fight Food Insecurity

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The rainy season is a treasured period in India, as it marks the start of the planting season. In fact, most Indian farmers usually go for rain-irrigated agriculture. In some parts, irrigation is not even carried out as people simply depend on rain for cultivation, with less than 4% of cropland under irrigation.

Increased climate unpredictably as well as the projected effects of atmospheric temperature increases contributes to shifts in raining patterns; rising sea levels and increased intensity and frequency of extreme events like floods and drought. These events jointly threaten India’s food security and agriculture production, reducing production while enhancing prevalence of livestock and crop diseases. The eventual results are enhanced losses and destruction of the source of revenue for people who depend on agriculture. These issues have immensely challenged the attainment of millennium development goals in India.